I recently read an article where the author was taking exception to the risk management maxim: ‘We will risk a lot to save a lot and risk little to save little.’ There are several variations on this maxim, including: ‘Great risks will be taken to save savable lives; Moderate risks will be taken to save savable property; and, No risk will be taken to save what is unsavable.’ Risk management is an essential component to the development and maintenance of strong situational awareness. The premise of the author was firefighting is, by its nature, risky and no catchy phrase is going to make it safer. I agree. In fact, I wholeheartedly agree. But there is fundamentally a huge difference between assuming the risk and creating the risk. Here’s what I mean…
A video I recently watched of a structure fire demonstrates the point. First, let me say (as I often do) I am not judging the fire department operating at this emergency scene. There are plenty of pundits out there who rant from their high perches of judgment, often in non-productive and disrespectful ways. Tuck this lesson away and recall it often: When we’re judging, we cannot be learning. I hope those who visit my site are here to learn, not to pass judgment.
In the video, the firefighters are performing vertical ventilation at a residential dwelling fire. The fire conditions are significant. It’s a little difficult to assess the building construction type but I think it is fair to surmise the structure is well on its way to losing its battle against gravity as a result of the fire weakening the components of construction.
Let’s apply the maxim: We will risk a lot to save a lot. Will the risk these firefighters took to create a ventilation hole be rewarded with a worthwhile outcome?
Firefighting is risky. Every firefighter knows that. But there is a big difference between assuming the risk of a fire and creating the risk by performing tasks in ways that are unsafe or inconsistent with best practices and then hiding behind the testosterone-laden mantra: We’re firefighters. That’s what we do!
I am a firefighter too. Well, at least I was one… for 30+ years. But I also had other obligations (roles) that were important to me. I was a husband, a dad, a son, and a brother (both in the biblical and fraternal sense). Maybe I was just a selfish person, but I always did everything in my power to make sure I did not create risk through my behaviors or orders and everyone who was under my command returned home to fulfill their non-firefighter obligations.
It takes a real hero to stand up for safety, especially if surrounded by others who are consumed by their self-anointed hero status. Thank you, but I’d rather be a hero to my grandson than to my widow.
Chief Gasaway’s Advice
1. Acknowledge the risks inherit in the work we do.
2. Learn everything possible about how firefighters get hurt and killed by reading near-miss and line-of-duty death reports.
3. Discuss how to manage risk by using best practices.
4. Ensure the risks being taken are worth the potential reward.
5. Train on SOMETHING every day. The way to ensure peak performance is to make incremental improvements over time.
6. Learn from the outcomes. Even when the outcomes are good, ask “Did our actions make sense? What were the potential risks? What was the reward we were trying to accomplish?
1. Describe what your department does to support taking appropriate risks based on rewards.
2. If your department had a similar experience (e.g., members were creating risk by performing tasks that do not match the fire conditions) how would you learn from it?
3. Have you ever found yourself performing tasks that did not justify the risk? Did you stop or did you continue?
The mission of Situational Awareness Matters is simple: Help first responders see the bad things coming… in time to change the outcome.
Safety begins with SA!
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